Let’s disect Cross Sectional Study of Subsyndromal Depression and Depression. Here comes another post to provide you with some more valuable insights from Islamabad ISB Rehab Clinic. Subsyndromal depression includes those patients who have more than two symptoms of depression that do not satisfy major depression diagnostic criteria. Hence Judd, Rapaport, Paulus, et al. (as cited by Kennedy, Abbott, and Paykel, 2004) reported that in subsyndromal symptomatic depression, two or more than two symptoms of depression, the same as in major depression, should be present but excluding the symptoms of depressed mood or anhedonia.
Furthermore, Pincus, Davis, and McQueen (as cited by Nation, Katzen, Papapetropoulos, Scanlon, and Levin, 2009) also investigated that the depressive symptoms that do not meet the criteria for major depression, minor depression, or dysthymia with respect to duration, frequency, intensity, or according to the type of symptoms present are classified as subthreshold depression (Nation, Katzen, Papapetropoulos, Scanlon, & Levin, 2009). The present study aimed to investigate the impact of age, gender, education, marital status, socio-economic status, occupational status, and family system on subsyndromal depression and depression. Using a convenience sampling technique, data was collected from 240 participants.
The way the Subsyndromal Depression Study was designed
A cross-sectional study design was used; four age cohorts were designed. In each age group, there were 60 participants. PHQ-8 was used for data collection. Participants who scored within the range of 5–9 were considered individuals with subsyndromal depression, and similarly, participants who scored 10 or above 10 were considered individuals with depression.
After screening, these participants were used for further analysis. For the purpose of analysis, one-way ANOVA and post hoc tests were carried out. It was hypothesized that demographical variables such as age, gender, and marital status have an impact on subsyndromal depression. The results of one-way ANOVA were significant for age on depression (F (3, 236) = 4.04, p 0.05). Although the results for age on subsyndromal depression were borderline significant (F (3, 236) = 2.34 at 0.07).
Additionally, posthoc analysis was carried out to investigate subsyndromal depression and depression among age groups. Results were found to be significant in late adolescence (16–20) (M = -.22, S.E = 0.09, p = 0.02) for subsyndromal depression, and similarly in late adulthood (60–70) (M = -.23, S.E = 0.07, p = 0.001) for depression.
However, the present study explored some unique findings in common people selected from the twin cities (Rawalpindi and Islamabad) of Pakistan. Their statistics in subsyndromal depression were 45%, and depression rates of 19% and 36% were among those who were not experiencing depressive symptoms. According to these findings, it was an alarming situation to investigate the prevalence of subsyndromal depression for prevention purposes. It has been discovered that major depression in late adulthood (60-70) is caused by loneliness, the death of a spouse, or retirement.
Furthermore, in late adolescence (16-20), the inability to gain a sense of freedom needs for power and love affairs is a mediating factor in subsyndromal depression.