Let’s talk about drug addiction in Islamic perspective. Islamabad ISB Rehab Clinic has specifically conceived this post to provide you with valuable insights. Although drug addiction is a complex phenomenon, there are many theories concerning biological, psychological, and social aspects. There is no single cause or explanation for this phenomenon. In terms of drug addiction in the Islamic perspective, the related explanations can help those professionals who are practicing under the tenets of Islam to understand the drug addiction in Islamic perspective, such as what Islam describes as drug use and reasons for getting addicted to substances.
Let’s delve further into our topic about drug addiction in Islamic perspective
So for this purpose, three models are going to be explored in this article in terms of drug addiction from an Islamic perspective. It is important to keep in mind that drug use is referred to here as recreational use only. The two conditions for drug use are: the first is a predisposition to be dependent on drugs, and the second is the availability of drugs.
Thus, the disease model is a sort of explanation that determines drug addiction as a pure biological disease and the victimization of the user as having no will over this predisposition. Similarly, the moral model explains drug addiction in terms of a person’s own will to become addicted. These explanations are based upon Cartesian dualism.
As per our focus, in Islam, alcohol and all other intoxicants (khamr) are prohibited. In the Qur’an, alcohol is described as a deed of Satan (Al-Maida 5:90). Before the final prohibition of alcohol, Muslim Arabs used to drink wine in their celebrations. They felt the cognitive disturbance along with social issues in the wine users so they asked prophet Muhammadﷺto guide them according to the Quranic teachings.
So Allah says in the Quran that they asked you about intoxicants and gambling. They say, “There is great sin in both, and some benefits for people.” “The sin is greater than the benefits” (Al-Baqara, 2:219). In Islam, the prohibition of alcohol was therapeutic in its own nature, which was gradual and in three phases proceeded to final prohibition in the fifth Hijri. As a result, Abdel Haleem defines khamr as a composite term that encompasses all forms of alcohol present at the time of Muhammad.
Responsibility of a Muslim: Drug addiction in Islamic perspective
In Islamic theology, a Muslim is not only responsible for himself but is also responsible for the community, so his identity is also dependent on this. So society is essential for individuals, and individuals are also important for society to exist. Muhammadﷺsaid that people are dependent on Allah, and Allah loves those who care for others. In the Islamic tradition, there is a great value in shame (haya) and guilt. Shame in Islam refers to being shameful in front of Allah, because as Muslims, we know Allah knows everything.
So shame and humility develop a sense of being in remembrance of Allah. Similarly, the guilt over sins allows Muslims to repent to Allah, and this act of true repentance is known as tauba (to return). It’s a way to reform and rectify what one has done wrong. So these Islamic gifts are central in the treatment of addictive diseases. In the treatment of drug addiction, there are three models. One is Jurm and the other is mardruhani addiction as a spiritual disease. These two models discussed for drug addiction in Islamic perspective are based on shame and guilt, which necessitate inner motivation to give up drugs.
The author for “drug addiction in Islamic perspective” is associated with the Islamabad ISB Rehab Clinic.